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A Few Most Sacred Mountains Of India

{written by : Juraj Sipos}

Article word count : 794 -- Article Id : 3438
Article active date : 2012-09-27 -- Article views : 9637

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Article is about :
The article presents a collection of mountains in India sacred to the Hindus and Buddhists.

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Mountains are points where people have an opportunity to kiss Gods.

The following list, although not the complete one, contains holy mountains of India that have a relation to Hindu or Buddhist deities.

Arunachala (800 m) is a holy hill at Thiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu. It is the most important site for those Hindus who practice Atma vichara (self-enquiry, the teaching of Sri Ramana Maharshi) and it is one of the main Shaivite (dedicated to Lord Shiva) holy places of South India.

Bandarpunch (or Bandarpoonch) is a peak (6,316 m) whose name suggests that it is associated to Lord Hanuman. When translated, it means "tail of the monkey", or "tail of Hanuman". Bandarpunch is a twin peak - it consists of Bandarpunch-I and Bandarpunch-II.

Haathi Peak (Elephant Peak) or Haathi Parvat (6,727 m) lies in Uttrakhand, India. Locals say that the two huge rocks on the Haathi Parvat"s spur represent Kaaka (crow) and Garuda (a mythical bird, the Lord Vishnu"s vehicle).

Harmukh is a mountain in Jammu and Kashmir in the Himalayas. It towers some 5,000 m above the sea level. The place and its surroundings are considered sacred and to be the abode of Lord Shiva.

Kalanag (6,387 m) consists of two words - kala (meaning black) and nag (cobra). This mountain is associated to a black cobra.

Mana Peak (7,272 m) lies on the border with China (Tibet-India) with Mana, a famous village at its foot. Mana is renowned particularly for written records that a great Hindu sage, Veda Vyasa, lived here in a cave for many years.

Mount Kailash (6,638 m) is a holy peak in China (Tibet). It is situated near the source of some of the longest rivers of Asia. Four religions consider Mount Kailash a sacred place: Bön, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. In Hinduism, it is considered to be the abode of Lord Shiva. The ancient Zhang Zhung culture of Tibet (Bön) concentrated around this mountain as well.

Nanda Devi (7,816 m) is one of the highest mountains of India. The Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra is a famous pilgrimage here and in vogue since the time immemorial. Nanda (bliss) Devi (goddess) is a holy Hindu mountain related to goddess Parvati (Lord Shiva"s spouse).

Neelakant (or Nilkantha) towers over the valley of the Alaknanda River and rises some 6,000 m above the Hindu holy town of Badrinat. The word Neelakant (blue throat) is related to a legend that describes how Lord Shiva drank a deadly poison and how his throat became blue as a consequence of this.

Om Parvat (also known as Little Kailash) is a mountain (6,191 m) in Uttarakhand, India. The Hindus consider it sacred. It looks like Mount Kailash in Tibet. Its association with Lord Shiva and his spouse Parvati is plain.

Rewalsar (in the state of Himachal Pradesh) is the most sacred spot for the Buddhists. According to a legend, Guru Padmasambhava departed for Tibet from this spot to spread the dharma. A pagoda-style monastery stands along the edges of the lake that is situated here.

Swargarohini is a mountain massif (6,252 m) consisting of four separate peaks in the Bandarpunch Range of the Garhwal Himalaya. Swargarohini is the main peak. It is associated with legends that tell us that the Pandavas visited it.

Takpa Shiri is an officially unclimbed peak with a unique religious significance; it lies in the Kangto part of the Himalayas. It is located at an altitude of some 6,654 m (various sources indicate different elevations) in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh on the border with China and India. Circling the Takpa Shiri is a similar practice as circling Mount Kailash, which means that Lord Shiva is very dear to this place.

The Chandrashila Peak (Moon Mountain, 3,679 m) is a rock face positioned above the temple of Tungnath. Climbing it will reward visitors with the most spectacular view of the Himalayas, especially with the view of Nanda Devi and Trisul. The Shiva temple here is one of the highest situated temples in the Himalayas. It belongs to one of the five most sacred places of the Shaivite branch of Hinduism. People in India believe that the Pandavas themselves built it together with other ancient temples observable at the site.

The Manimahesh Kailash Peak (5,653 m), also known as Chamba Kailash, stands towering high over the Manimahesh Lake. Like Mount Kailash in China, the Manimahesh Kailash Peak is also the abode of Lord Shiva but in India (in the state of Himachal Pradesh).

Trisul is a group of three Himalayan peaks grouped near one another on the ridge of one mountain massif; the highest of them is Trisul I reaching 7,120 m above the sea level. These three peaks resemble the Lord Shiva"s (and Parvati"s) weapon - the trident (trishula in Sanskrit; the meaning is "three spears").

Author Bio :
More information on the Holy mountains of Asia is in the Juraj's Himavat section of his website. Juraj also maintains an esoteric website where you can read more on Buddhism.

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